The Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) in the Birds.

Day Herons
 Black-headed Heron
 Black Heron
 Capped Heron
 Cattle Egret
 Chinese Egret
 Chinese Pond-Heron
 Cocoi Heron
 Dimorphic Heron
 Dusky-gray Heron
 Eastern Reef-Heron
 Goliath Heron
 Gray Heron
 Great Blue Heron
 Great White-bellied Heron
 Great White Egret
 Green Heron
 Indian Pond Heron
 Intermediate Egret
 Javanese Pond-Heron
 Lava Heron
 Little Blue Egret
 Little Egret
 Madagascar Heron
 Madagascar Squacco Heron
 Pied Heron
 Purple Heron
 Reddish Egret
 Red-throated Heron
 Rufous-bellied Heron
 Snowy Egret
 Squacco Heron
 Striated Heron
 Tricolored Heron
 Western Reef-Heron
 Whistling Heron
 White-faced Heron
 White-necked Heron

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Purple Heron
Ardea purpurea

Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea)
Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea)


The Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) is natural to Europe, southern Asia and Africa, including Madagascar. Occasionally an individual reaches the Americas.


Some populations are migratory, others are sedentary. Those that nest in Europe and northern Africa migrate to equatorial Africa.


Normally seen in the proximity of water, could be fresh water, brackish or saltwater.


Rests perched on trees.


This egret is a colonial breeder. Builds the nest in the trees on the water edge or in the water, and among the emerging aquatic grass. The clutch is three to four, documented up to five, light greenish blue eggs. Incubation takes about 26 days and it is done by both parents.


The diet consists of fish, frogs, small birds and small mammals.


In length it reaches 80 cm. The bill measures from 11.8 to 12.8 cm.


The Purple Heron in Spanish is called “Garza Imperial”.

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More information on the Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea):
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Last revision: April 1, 2007
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