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Branta bernicla

Brant (Branta bernicla)
Brant (Branta bernicla)


The Brant (Branta bernicla) is natural to Europe, Asia and North America. It nests in the coastal regions of the tundra. In fall it migrates to warmer coastal regions in these continents.


This goose shows preference for marine coastal zones. It is seen in the estuaries.


As soon as the flocks reach the nesting regions the pairs leave the groups in search of a place where to nest. Once a nesting location is selected the male defends the area, or territory, around it. The size of the territory depends on the density of pairs, the habitat, and other factors.

The clutch is from one to eight eggs, usually three to five. Incubation starts after the second egg and takes from 23 to 29 days according to the size of the clutch, the bigger it is the more days it will require. The female takes care of the incubation while the male stands close by and protects her. The members of this species breed for the first time when they are two or three years old, some start sooner and breed at one year of age.


The diet of this goose includes aquatic grass.


In length it reaches from 56 to 66 cm (22 to 26 inches). The weight fluctuates according to migration, the average is 1.5 Kg. (about 3 pounds).


Only one molt a year.


The Brant is called “Brent Goose” in Europe. In Spanish it is known as “Barnacla de Cara Negra”.

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Last revision: March 1, 2007
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